BIOGRAPHY OF BABA SAHEB Dr. BHIM RAO Ambedkar
Childhood and educational life
Improving the economic conditions of the dalits.
Initiated anti-caste and anti-priest movement.
Contribution in the making of constitution of India.
Role played in Indian politics before Independence.
Adopted Buddhism and fought for the inequality in the society.
Baba saheb Dr. Ambedkar has undoubtedly, been the central figure in Indian dalit society. It is difficult to imagine anything serious or important in their collective life that is totally untouched by Ambedkar. For the dalit masses, he is everything to gether, a scholar par excellence in the realm of scholarship, a Moses or Messiah who led his people out of bondage and ignominy on the path of pride and a Bodhisattva in the pantheon of Buddism.
He is everything together; ascholar par excellence in the realm of scholarships, a moses or messiah who led his people out of bondage and ignominy on to the path of pride and a Bodhisattva in the pantheon of Buddhism.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was born on 14th April,1891in Mhow in Madhya Pradesh to Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a ranked army officer and Bhimabai Murbadkar Ambedkar sakpal Ambedkar had a tough childhood as he belonged to a family of poor dalit caste. They were considered to be untouchables and were subjected to socio-economics discrimination. Even in school, Ambedkar and other untouchable children were victims of segregations and inferior treatment.
After graduating from Elfinstone college, Bombay in 1912, he joined Columbia University, USA where he was awarded PHD. Later, he joined the London school of Economics and obtained a degree of Dsc (economics) and was called to the Bar from Gray’s Inn. Being an Indian jurist, economist, politician and a social reformer, he influenced dalits in various ways.
With the slogan of ‘Educate-Agitate-Organise’, the social movement led by DR Ambedkar aimed at annihilation of caste and the reconstruction of Indian society on the basis of equality amongst human beings.In 1927 he led a march at mahad, Maharashtra to establish the rights of the untouchables to drink water from the public Chawdar Lake that was traditionally prohibited to them. This marked the beginning of anti-caste and anti-priest movements.
The temple entry movement launched by DR Ambedkar in 1930 at the kalaram Temple, Nashik , Maharashtra is another Landmark in the struggle for human rights, political and social justice. DR.Ambedkar held the view that “only political power cannot be a panacea for the ills of the depressed classes. Their salvation lies in their social elevation”. In 1932 British announced the formation of a separate electorate for ‘Depressed class’ in the communal Award. Gandhi opposed a separate electorate for untouchables, as he feared that such an arrangement would divide the Hindu community and started fasting. Later an agreement known as ‘poona pact’ between Ambedkar and Madan Mohan Malviya was signed. The agreement allowed reserved seats for classes in the provincial legislatures, within general electorate. As a member of the viceroy’s executive council from July 1942 he was instrumental in bringing about several legislative measures to protect the rights of labourers and workers.
One of the greatest contributions of DR Ambedkar was in respect of fundamental Rights and Directive principles of state policy enshrined in the constitution of India. He was the chairman of drafting committee for the Indian constitution. He prepared a Draft constitution for discussion. Under his leadership the members of the drafting committee completed the works in 114 days spread over three years. The fundamentals Rights provide for freedom, equality and abolition of untouchability and remedies to ensure the enforcement of rights. The Directive Principle enshrine the broad guiding principles for securing fair distribution of wealth and better living conditions.
On 24th may 1956 on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti, he declared in Bombay, that he would adopt Buddhism. On 14th October,1956 he embraced Buddhism along with many of his followers. Ambedkar had been suffering from diabetes since 1948. From june to October in 1954 he was bed ridden owing to clinical depression and failing eyesight. He died in his sleep on 6th December 1956 at his home in Delhi.
His birth date is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar jayanti. Many public institutions are named in his honour, such as the DR Babasaheb Ambedkar open university in Hyderabad, BR Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur etc. He was honoured with the greatest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna posthumously in April 1990.
He was an Indian nationalists, jurist political leader and a Buddhist revivalist. He was also the chief architect of the Indian constitution. Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination and the Indian caste system.