BIOGRAPHY OF RABINDRA NATH TAGORE
FIRST ASIAN NOBEL LAUREATE WRITER
Childhood and early life.
Unconventional way of studying .
Poetics works, novels, plays and short stories.
New phase of writing .
Composer of National anthem for three countries.
Nobel Prize and returning knighthood .
Introduced new form of art through painting .
A great humanist, and accepted cultural and social values of different countries.
Rabindranath Tagore was a great writer, poet, play wright, essayist, painter and naturalists. He was also an early advocate of independence for India. He won the Nobel Prize for literature on 13th November, 1913 for his book Gitanjali ( A collection of poem), Which he wrote in 1910. RabindraNath was born on 7th May 1861 at Jorasanko, Calcutta (Kolkata) in a wealthy and renowned Brahmin family. He was the youngest son of Maharshi Debendranath Tagore and mother was Sarda Devi and grand son of Dwarakanath Tagore. His father was a religions reformers, scholar and leader of the Brahmo Samaj. Rabindranath was mostly educated at home by the private tutors. At a very early age he started composing verses. When he was 12 years old, his first poem was publ ished in ‘BHARATI’ a Bengali literary magazine. At age of 17 he was sent to England for formal schooling, but he could not finish his studies there. His limitless curiosity to know more about the world could not be satiated by the formal education given by the school. Tagore had early success as a writer in his native Bengal. with his translations of some of his poems he became rapidly known in the west. For the world he became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage, and for India, especially for Bengal, he became a great living institution.
Tagore’s well-known poetic works are sonar tari, puravi, Sandhya Sangeet, Balaka, kanikaetc. Some famous novels of Tagore include Gora, Ghare –Baire, Noukadubi, Chokher Bali, Bou thakuranir Hat, Chaturanga, Char Adhayay, Shesher Kobita, Rajarshi etc Apart from poetry and novels, he wrote travel accounts, auto biography, musical plays, symbolic dramas, essays, shorts stories and more than 2000 songs. His most memorable plays are Visarjan, Dak, Ghar, Rakta karabi etc and musical plays include Shyama, Chitrangada, Mayar khela, Valmiki Pratibha, Shapmochan, Tasher Desh etc. Tagore’s most popular stories include Kabuliwala Chuti Khudito pashan, Subha, Nastanirh, Malancha etc. His song, known as Rabindra sangeet are considered to be an integral part of Bengali and Indian music and culture .Tagore married Mrinalini Devi Raichaudhuri in 1883. They had two sons ( Rabindranath and Shamindranath ) and three daughters (Bela ,Renuka and meera ).In addition to his many sided literary activities he managed the family estates in Shilaidah, Bangladesh.
By 1890,Rabindranath had entered a new phase of writing,which included his strong stands on controversial , political and social issues.His writing inspired common men ,scholars, freedom fighter both in India and abroad in 1901,Rabindranath established a different type of school at shantiniketan, where he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education.Tagore composed the National Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’.It was first sung at the Calcutta Congress Session in 1911.During anti – partition swadeshi Movement his patriotic songs inspired the youth. Tagore’s ‘Amar sonar Bangla’ became the National Anthem of Bangladesh. Moreover, the lyrics of Sri Lanka’s National Anthem were also written by Tagore.
Tagore’s works have been translated into many languages .His book GITANJALI (Collection of poems) was published in English which was translated by himself,earned him the Nobel prize in literature in 1913. In 1915 he was awarded knighthood by the British Crown Which he renounced in 1919 as a mark of protest against jallian wala Bagh massacre. In the late 1920s Tagore took up painting. His paintings are so vivid and exceptional that they won for him a place among India’s famous contemporary artists. He introduced a completely new form of art. In 1921,his school became the visva Bharati University.Tagore’s education marked a novel blending of the ideas of the East and West Rabindranath was great Patriot. He protested against the Sedition Bills of 1899,he worked with sister Nivedita for the plague victims in Calcutta.
Rabindranath passed away on 7th August 1941 Leaving behind a legacy of world class Literature. He is one of the most influential Indian writers. His great literary contribution is universally recognized .Even though he is not in our midst, his presence can be felt though he is not in our midst, his presence can be felt through his vast works. He will always be remembered as the source of inspiration of noble thoughts and great ideas for humanity.