By: No Source Posted On: December 04, 2019 View: 133





Childhood and early life.

Unconventional way of studying .

Poetics works, novels, plays  and  short stories.

New phase of writing .

Establishing  Shantiniketan.

Composer of National anthem for three countries.

Nobel Prize and returning knighthood .

Introduced new form of art through painting .

A great humanist, and accepted cultural and social values of different countries.


Rabindranath Tagore  was  a great writer, poet, play wright, essayist, painter and naturalists. He was also an early advocate of independence for India. He won the Nobel Prize for literature on  13th November, 1913 for his book Gitanjali ( A collection of poem), Which he wrote in 1910. RabindraNath was born on  7th May 1861 at Jorasanko, Calcutta (Kolkata) in a wealthy  and renowned  Brahmin  family. He  was the youngest son of Maharshi Debendranath Tagore and mother was Sarda Devi and grand son of Dwarakanath Tagore. His father was  a religions reformers, scholar and  leader of the Brahmo Samaj. Rabindranath was mostly educated at home by the private tutors. At a very early age he started  composing verses. When he was 12 years old, his  first poem was publ ished in ‘BHARATI’ a Bengali literary magazine. At age of 17 he was  sent to England  for formal schooling, but he could not finish his studies there. His  limitless curiosity  to know  more about the world could  not be satiated by the formal education given by  the school. Tagore  had  early success as a writer in his native Bengal. with his translations of some of his poems he became rapidly known in the west. For the world he became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage, and for India, especially for Bengal, he became a great living institution.

Tagore’s well-known poetic works are sonar tari, puravi, Sandhya Sangeet, Balaka, kanikaetc. Some famous novels of Tagore include Gora, Ghare –Baire, Noukadubi, Chokher Bali, Bou thakuranir Hat, Chaturanga, Char Adhayay, Shesher Kobita, Rajarshi etc Apart from poetry  and  novels, he wrote travel accounts, auto biography, musical plays, symbolic dramas, essays, shorts stories and more than 2000 songs. His most memorable plays are Visarjan, Dak, Ghar, Rakta karabi etc and  musical plays include Shyama, Chitrangada, Mayar khela, Valmiki Pratibha, Shapmochan, Tasher Desh etc. Tagore’s  most popular stories include Kabuliwala Chuti Khudito pashan, Subha, Nastanirh, Malancha etc. His song, known  as  Rabindra sangeet are considered to be an integral part of Bengali  and Indian  music and culture .Tagore married Mrinalini Devi Raichaudhuri in 1883. They  had  two   sons ( Rabindranath  and Shamindranath ) and  three daughters (Bela ,Renuka and meera ).In addition  to his many  sided literary activities he managed  the  family estates in  Shilaidah, Bangladesh.   

By 1890,Rabindranath had entered a new phase of writing,which included his strong stands on controversial , political and social issues.His writing  inspired  common men ,scholars, freedom fighter both in India and  abroad  in 1901,Rabindranath established    a different type  of school at shantiniketan, where  he tried his Upanishadic ideals of education.Tagore  composed  the National  Anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’.It was first sung  at  the Calcutta Congress Session  in 1911.During anti – partition  swadeshi  Movement his patriotic  songs  inspired  the youth.  Tagore’s  ‘Amar  sonar Bangla’ became  the National Anthem of Bangladesh. Moreover, the lyrics of Sri Lanka’s National Anthem were also written by Tagore.

Tagore’s works have been translated into many languages .His book  GITANJALI  (Collection  of  poems) was  published in English  which was  translated  by himself,earned  him the Nobel prize in literature in 1913. In 1915 he was awarded  knighthood  by the British Crown Which  he renounced  in 1919 as a mark of protest against  jallian wala Bagh massacre. In the late 1920s Tagore  took up  painting. His  paintings  are so vivid and exceptional  that  they  won  for him  a place among India’s  famous  contemporary  artists. He  introduced  a completely  new  form  of art. In 1921,his  school  became  the visva Bharati  University.Tagore’s  education  marked  a novel blending  of the  ideas  of the East and West  Rabindranath  was  great Patriot. He protested  against  the Sedition Bills of 1899,he worked with sister Nivedita for the plague victims in Calcutta.

Rabindranath passed away on  7th August 1941 Leaving behind a legacy of world class Literature. He is one of the most influential Indian writers. His  great literary contribution is universally recognized .Even  though he is not in our midst, his presence can be felt though he is not in our midst, his presence can be felt through his vast works. He will always be remembered as the source of inspiration of noble thoughts and great ideas for humanity.

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